Welding Codes

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Welding codes are compiled here in the United States by the AWS, American Welding Society. There are more than 240 AWS-developed codes in all, recommended practices and guides which are written in accordance with American National Standards Institute (ANSI) practices.

Codes and Sections

Structural and Sheet Metal

AWS D1.1/D1.1M - Structural Welding Code-Steel
AWS D1.1-SWJ-WC - Welded Joint Details for Structural Applications Wall Chart
AWS D1.1-BI - The Official Book of D1.1 Interpretations
AWS D1.2/D1.2M - Structural Welding Code-Aluminum
AWS D1.3/D1.3M - Structural Welding Code - Sheet Steel
AWS D1.4/D1.4M - Structural Welding Code - Reinforcing Steel
AWS D1.5/D1.5M - Bridge Welding Code
AWS D1.6/D1.6M - Structural Welding Code - Stainless Steel
AWS D1.7/D1.7M - Guide for Strengthening and Repairing Existing Structures
AWS D1.8/D1.8M - Structural Welding Code - Seismic Supplement
AWS D1.9/D1.9M - Structural Welding Code - Titanium
AWS D9.1/D9.1M - Sheet Metal Welding Code
AWS D8.9M - Recommended Practices for Test Methods for Evaluating the Resistance Spot Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet Steel Materials

Reference and Business

AWS A1.1 - Metric Practice Guide for the Welding Industry
AWS A2.4 - Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and Nondestructive Examination
AWS A2.1 - WC & DC,Welding Symbol Charts
AWS A3.0 / A3.0M - Standard Welding Terms and Definitions
AWS Design and Planning Manual for Cost-Effective Welding
AWS Design Handbook for Calculating Fillet Weld Sizes
AWS The Professional’s Advisor on Arc Welding Power Sources and Related Equipment
AWS Welding Metallurgy, Carbon and Alloy Steels, Volume 1, Fundamentals
AWS Total Welding Management

Safety and Health

AWS Z49.1 - Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes
AWS D16.1/D16.1M - Specification for Robotic Arc Welding Safety
AWS D16.3/D16.3M - Risk Assessment Guide for Robotic Arc Welding
AWS F1.1M - Method for Sampling Airborne Particulates Generated by Welding and Allied Processes
AWS F1.2 - Laboratory Method for Measuring Fume Generation Rates and Total Fume Emission of Welding and Allied Processes
AWS F1.3 - A Sampling Strategy Guide for Evaluating Contaminants in the Welding Environment
AWS F1.5M - Methods for Sampling and Analyzing Gases from Welding and Allied Processes
AWS F1.6 - Guide for Estimating Welding Emissions for EPA and Ventilation Permit Reporting
AWS F2.2 - Lens Shade Selector
AWS F2.3M - Specification for Use and Performance of Transparent Welding Curtains and Screens
AWS F3.2/F3.2M - Ventilation Guide for Weld Fume
AWS F4.1 - Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding and Cutting
AWS Arc Welding and Cutting Noise
AWS Arc Welding and Cutting Safely
AWS Braze Safely
AWS Characterization of Arc Welding Fume
AWS Fumes and Gases in the Welding Environment
AWS Fire Safety in Welding and Cutting
AWS The Independent Shop's Guide to Welding Safety and Health
AWS Laboratory Validation of Ozone Sampling with Spill-Proof Impingers
AWS Oxyfuel Gas Welding, Cutting, and Heating Safely
AWS PCWC - Preparing Containers for Welding or Cutting
AWS Ultraviolet Reflectance of Paint
AWS C4.2/C4.2M - Recommended Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Cutting Torch Operation

Qualification

AWS B2.1/B2.1M - Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification
AWS B2.1-BMG/B2.1M-BMG - Base Metal Grouping for Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification
AWS B2.2-91 - Standard for Brazing Procedure and Performance Qualification
AWS B2.3/B2.3M - Specification for Soldering Procedure and Performance Qualification
AWS B2.4 - Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification for Thermoplastics
AWS B5.2 - Specification for the Qualification of Welding Inspector Specialists and Welding Inspector Assistants
AWS B5.4 - Specification for the Qualification of Welder Test Facilities
AWS B5.5 - Specification for the Qualification of Welding Educators
AWS B5.9 - Specification for the Qualification of Welding Supervisors
AWS B5.14 - Specification for the Qualification of Welding Sales Representatives
AWS B5.15 - Specification for the Qualification of Radiographic Interpreters
AWS B5.16 - Specification for the Qualification of Welding Engineers
AWS B5.17 - Specification for the Qualification of Welding Fabricators
AWS C1.5 - Specification for the Qualification of Resistance Welding Technicians
AWS C2.16/C2.16M - Guide for Thermal-Spray Operator Qualification
AWS C7.4/C7.4M - Process Specification and Operator Qualification for Laser Beam Welding
AWS EG2.0 - Curriculum Guide for Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel-Entry Welder
AWS EG3.0 - Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel: Level II - Advanced Welders
AWS EG4.0 - Guide for the Training and Qualification of Welding Personnel: Level III - Expert Welders
AWS G1.6 - Specification for the Qualification of Plastics Welding Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds

Training

AWS CM - Certification Manual for Welding Inspectors
AWS CMWS - Certified Welding Supervisor Manual for Quality and Productivity Improvement
AWS GWF - Guide for Setting Up a Welder Training Facility

Certification

AWS QC1 - Standard for AWS Certification of Welding Inspectors
AWS QC4 - Standard for Accreditation of Test Facilities for AWS Certified Welder Program
AWS QC5 - AWS Standard for Certification of Welding Educators
AWS QC7 - Standard for AWS Certified Welders
AWS QC10 - Specification for Qualification and Registration of Level I - Entry Welders
AWS QC11 - Specification for Qualification and Certification for Level II - Advanced Welders
AWS QC12 - Specification for Qualification and Certification for Level III - Expert Welders
AWS QC13 - Specification for the Certification of Welding Supervisors
AWS QC14 - Specification for the Certification of Welding Sales Representatives
AWS QC15 - Specification for the Certification of Radiographic Interpreters
AWS QC17 - Specification for AWS Accreditation of Certified Welding Fabricators
AWS QC19 - Standard for the AWS Certification of Robotic Arc Welding Personnel
AWS CMWS - Certified Welding Supervisor Manual for Quality and Productivity Improvement
AWS CM - Certification Manual for Welding Inspectors

Testing and Inspection

AWS B1.10/B1.10M - Guide for the Nondestructive Examination of Welds
AWS B1.11 - Guide for the Visual Examination of Welds
AWS B4.0 - Standard Methods for Mechanical Testing of Welds
AWS WI - Welding Inspection Handbook
AWS WIT-W - Welding Inspection Technology Workbook
AWS WIT-E - Welding Inspection Technology Sample CWI Fundamentals Examination
AWS G1.2/G1.2M - Specification for Standardized Ultrasonic Welding Test Specimen for Thermoplastics
AWS G1.6 - Specification for the Qualification of Plastics Welding Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds
AWS G1.10M - Guide for the Evaluation of Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds

Operations

D16.2/D16.2M - Guide for Components of Robotic and Automatic Arc Welding Installations

Base Metal Weldability

AWS C1.4/C1.4M - Specification for Resistance Welding of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels
AWS D11.2 - Guide for Welding Iron Castings
AWS G2.1/G2.1M - Guide for the Joining of Wrought Nickel-Based Alloys
AWS G2.3/G2.3M - Guide for the Joining of Wrought Solid Solution Austenitic Stainless Steels
AWS G2.4/G2.4M - Guide for the Fusion Welding of Titanium and Titanium Alloys
AWS The Practical Reference Guide for High Quality Fusion Welding of Aluminum
AWS The Practical Reference Guide to Welding Titanium

Thermal Spraying

AWS C2.16/C2.16M - Guide for Thermal-Spray Operator Qualification
AWS C2.18 - Guide for the Protection of Steel with Thermal Sprayed Coatings of Aluminum and Zinc and Their Alloys and Composites
AWS C2.20/C2.20M - Specification for Thermal Spraying Zinc Anodes on Steel Reinforced Concrete
AWS C2.21/C2.21M - Specification for Thermal Spray Equipment Acceptance Inspection
AWS C2.23/C2.23M - Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and Their Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion
AWS C2.25/C2.25M - Specification for Thermal Spray Feedstock—Solid and Composite Wire and Ceramic Rods
AWS Thermal Spray Manual
AWS Thermal Spraying Practice, Theory, and Application

Plastics

AWS B2.4 - Specification for Welding Procedure and Performance Qualification for Thermoplastics
AWS G1.1/G1.1M - Guide to Ultrasonic Assembly of Thermoplastics
AWS G1.2/G1.2M - Specification for Standardized Ultrasonic Welding Test Specimen for Thermoplastics
AWS G1.6 - Specification for the Qualification of Plastics Welding Inspectors for Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds
AWS G1.10M - Guide for the Evaluation of Hot Gas, Hot Gas Extrusion, and Heated Tool Butt Thermoplastic Welds
AWS Handbook of Plastics Joining

Food Processing Systems

AWS D18.1/D18.1M - Specification for Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube and Pipe Systems in Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications
AWS D18.2 - Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube
AWS D18.3/D18.3M - Specification for Welding of Tanks, Vessels, & Other Equipment in Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications

Welding and Cutting Processes

AWS C1.1/C1.1M - Recommended Practices for Resistance Welding
AWS C4.1 - Set, Criteria for Describing Oxygen-Cut Surfaces, and Oxygen Cutting Surface Roughness Gauge
AWS C4.2/C4.2M - Recommended Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Cutting Torch Operation
AWS C4.3/C4.3M - Recommended Practices for Safe Oxyfuel Gas Heating Torch Operation
AWS C4.4/C4.4M - Recommended Practices for Heat Shaping and Straightening with Oxyfuel Gas Heating Torches
AWS C4.5M - Uniform Designation System for Oxyfuel Nozzles
AWS C4.6M - Thermal Cutting—Classification of Thermal Cuts— Geometric Product Specification and Quality Tolerances
AWS C5.1 - Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Welding
AWS C5.2 - Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Cutting and Gouging
AWS C5.3 - Recommended Practices for Air Carbon Arc Gouging and Cutting
AWS C5.4 - Recommended Practices for Stud Welding
AWS C5.5/C5.5M - Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
AWS C5.6 - Recommended Practices for Gas Metal Arc Welding
AWS C5.7 - Recommended Practices for Electrogas Welding
AWS C5.10/C5.10M - Recommended Practices for Shielding Gases for Welding and Cutting
AWS C6.1 - Recommended Practices for Friction Welding
AWS C6.2/C6.2M - Specification for Friction Welding of Metals
AWS C7.1/C7.1M - Recommended Practices for Electron Beam Welding
AWS C7.2 - Recommended Practices for Laser Beam Welding, Cutting, and Drilling
AWS C7.3 - Process Specification for Electron Beam Welding
AWS C7.4/C7.4M - Process Specification and Operator Qualification for Laser Beam Welding
AWS D14.8M - Standard Methods for the Avoidance of Cold Cracks
AWS D16.2/D16.2M - Guide for Components of Robotic and Automatic Arc Welding Installations
AWS Arc Welding with Robots: Do’s and Don’ts
AWS The Practical Reference Guide for Hardfacing

Standard Welding Procedure Specifications
Brazing and Soldering

AWS C3.2/C3.2M - Standard Method for Evaluating the Strength of Brazed Joints
AWS C3.3 - Recommended Practices for the Design, Manufacture, and Examination of Critical Brazed Components
AWS C3.4/C3.4M - Specification for Torch Brazing
AWS C3.5/C3.5M - Specification for Induction Brazing
AWS C3.6/C3.6M - Specification for Furnace Brazing
AWS C3.7/C3.7M - Specification for Aluminum Brazing
AWS C3.8/C3.8M - Specification for the Ultrasonic Examination of Brazed Joints
AWS C3.9/C3.9M - Specification for Resistance Brazing
AWS D10.13/D10.13M - Recommended Practices for the Brazing of Copper Tubing and Fittings for Medical Gas Systems
AWS Brazing Handbook
AWS Soldering Handbook

Pipe and Tubing

AWS D10.4 - Recommended Practices for Welding Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Piping and Tubing
AWS D10.6/D10.6M - Recommended Practices for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding of Titanium Piping and Tubing
AWS D10.7/D10.7M - Guide for the Gas Shielded Arc Welding of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Pipe
AWS D10.8 - Recommended Practices for Welding of Chromium-Molybdenum Steel Piping and Tubing
AWS D10.10/D10.10M - Recommended Practices for Local Heating of Welds in Piping and Tubing
AWS D10.12/D10.12M - Guide for Welding Mild Steel Pipe
AWS D10.13/D10.13M - Recommended Practices for the Brazing of Copper Tubing and Fittings for Medical Gas Systems
AWS D10.14M - Guide for Multipass Orbital Machine Pipe Groove Welding
AWS D10.17M - Guide for Welding Tubular Steel Vehicle Structures
AWS D10.18/D10.18M - Guide for Welding Ferritic/Austenitic Duplex Stainless Steel Piping and Tubing
AWS The Practical Reference Guide for Welding Inspection Management - Visual Inspection of Pressure Vessels and Pressure Piping
AWS D18.1/D18.1M - Specification for Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel Tube and Pipe Systems in Sanitary (Hygienic) Applications
AWS D18.2 - Guide to Weld Discoloration Specifications
AWS A4.2M - Standard Procedures for Calibrating Magnetic Instruments to Measure the Delta Ferrite Content of Austenitic and Duplex Ferritic-Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal
AWS A4.3 - Standard Methods for Determination of the Diffusible Hydrogen Content of Martensitic, Bainitic, and Ferritic Steel Weld Metal Produced by Arc Welding
AWS A4.4M - Standard Procedures for Determination of Moisture Content of Welding Fluxes and Welding Electrode Flux Coverings
AWS A5.01/A5.01M - Procurement Guidelines for Consumables-Welding and Allied Processes-Flux and Gas Shielded Electrical Welding Processes
AWS F4.1 - Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding and Cutting
AWS A5.02/A5.02M - Specification for Filler Metal Standard Sizes, Packaging, and Physical Attributes
AWS FMC - Filler Metal Comparison Charts
AWS IFS - International Index of Welding Filler Metal Classifications

Filler Material Specifications

AWS A5.1/A5.1M - Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.2/A5.2M - Specification for Carbon and Low Alloy Steel Rods for Oxyfuel Gas Welding
AWS A5.3/A5.3M - Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.4/A5.4M - Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.5/A5.5M - Specification for Low-alloy Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.6/A5.6M - Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.7/A5.7M - Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Bare Welding Rods and Electrodes
AWS A5.8/A5.8M - Specification for Filler Metals for Brazing and Braze Welding
AWS A5.9/A5.9M - Specification for Bare Stainless Steel Welding Electrodes and Rods
AWS A5.10/A5.10M - Specification for Bare Aluminum and Aluminum-alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods
AWS A5.11/A5.11M - Specification for Nickel and Nickel Alloy Welding Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.12/A5.12M - Specification for Tungsten and Oxide Dispersed Tungsten Electrodes for Arc Welding and Cutting
AWS A5.13 - Specification for Surfacing Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.14/A5.14M - Specification for Nickel and Nickel-alloy Bare Welding Electrodes and Rods
AWS A5.15 - Specification for Welding Electrodes and Rods for Cast Iron
AWS A5.16/A5.16M - Specification for Titanium and Titanium-alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods
AWS A5.17/A5.17M - Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding
AWS A5.18/A5.18M - Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes and Rods for Gas Shielded Arc Welding
AWS A5.19 - Specification for Magnesium Alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods
AWS A5.20/A5.20M - Specification for Carbon Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding
AWS A5.21 - Specification for Bare Electrodes and Rods for Surfacing
AWS A5.22 - Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding and Stainless Steel Flux Cored Rods for Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
AWS A5.23/A5.23M - Specification for Low-alloy Steel Electrodes and Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding
AWS A5.24/A5.24M - Specification for Zirconium and Zirconium-Alloy Welding Electrodes and Rods
AWS A5.25/A5.25M - Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes and Fluxes for Electroslag Welding
AWS A5.26/A5.26M - Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Electrogas Welding
AWS A5.28/A5.28M - Specification for Low-alloy Steel Electrodes and Rods for Gas Shielded Arc Welding
AWS A5.29/A5.29M - Specification for Low-alloy Steel Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding
AWS A5.30/A5.30M - Specification for Consumable Inserts (36 pages)
AWS A5.31 - Specification for Fluxes for Brazing and Braze Welding
AWS A5.32/A5.32M - Specification for Welding Shielding Gases
AWS A5.34/A5.34M - Specification for Nickel Alloy Electrodes for Flux Cored Arc Welding
AWS C2.25/C2.25M - Specification for Thermal Spray Feedstock - Solid and Composite Wire and Ceramic Rods

Automotive

AWS D8.1M - Specification for Automotive Weld Quality - Resistance Spot Welding of Steel
AWS D8.6 - Specification for Automotive Resistance Spot Welding Electrodes
AWS D8.7M - Recommended Practices for Automotive Weld Quality - Resistance Spot Welding
AWS D8.8M - Specification for Automotive Weld Quality - Arc Welding of Steel
AWS D8.9M - Recommended Practices for Test Methods for Evaluating the Resistance Spot Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet Steel Materials
AWS D8.14M - Specification for Automotive Weld Quality - Arc Welding of Aluminum
AWS D10.17M - Guide for Welding Tubular Steel Vehicle Structures
AWS D14.3/D14.3M - Specification for Welding Earthmoving, Construction, and Agricultural Equipment

Aerospace

AWS D17.1 - Specification for Fusion Welding for Aerospace Applications
AWS D17.2/D17.2M - Specification for Resistance Welding for Aerospace Applications
AWS D17.3/D17.3M - Specification for Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloys for Aerospace Applications

Marine

AWS D3.5 - Guide for Steel Hull Welding
AWS D3.6M - Specification for Underwater Welding
AWS D3.7 - Guide for Aluminum Hull Welding

Machinery

AWS D14.1/D14.1M - Specification for Welding of Industrial and Mill Cranes and Other Material Handling Equipment
AWS D14.3/D14.3M - Specification for Welding Earthmoving, Construction, and Agricultural Equipment
AWS D14.4/D14.4M - Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery and Equipment
AWS D14.5/D14.5M - Specification for Welding of Presses and Press Components
AWS D14.6/D14.6M - Specification for Welding of Rotating Elements of Equipment
AWS D14.7/D14.7M - Recommended Practices for Surfacing and Reconditioning of Industrial Mill Rolls
AWS D14.8M - Standard Methods for the Avoidance of Cold Cracks

Railroad

AWS D15.1/D15.1M - Railroad Welding Specification for Cars and Locomotives
AWS D15.2 - Recommended Practices for the Welding of Rails and Related Rail Components for Use by Rail Vehicles

Resistance Welding

AWS RWMA Bulletin #5 - Resistance Welding Control Standard
AWS RWMA Bulletin #14 - Maintenance Manual for Resistance Welding Machines
AWS RWMA Bulletin #16 - Resistance Welding Equipment Standards
AWS RWMA Bulletin #34 - Manufacturer's Cross Reference of Standard Resistance Welding Electrode Numbers and Alloys
AWS RWMA Resistance Welding Manual
AWS A10.1M - Specification for Calibration and Performance Testing of Secondary Current Sensing Coils and Weld Current Monitors used in Single-Phase AC Resistance Welding
AWS C1.1/C1.1M - Recommended Practices for Resistance Welding
AWS C1.4/C1.4M - Specification for Resistance Welding of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels
AWS C1.5 - Specification for the Qualification of Resistance Welding Technicians
AWS C3.9/C3.9M - Specification for Resistance Brazing
AWS D8.1M - Specification for Automotive Weld Quality-Resistance Spot Welding of Steel
AWS D8.6 - Specification for Automotive Resistance Spot Welding Electrodes
AWS D8.7M - Recommended Practices for Automotive Weld Quality - Resistance Spot Welding
AWS D8.9M - Recommended Practices for Test Methods for Evaluating the Resistance Spot Welding Behavior of Automotive Sheet Steel Materials
AWS D17.2/D17.2M - Specification for Resistance Welding for Aerospace Applications

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Welding coades are also covered by the ASME, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, when it comes to Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes. Information relevant to welding codes are covered in the following code books.

CodeDescription
ASME BPVC Section II Part C: Specifications for Welding Rods, Electrodes, and Filler Metals.[1]
ASME BPVC Section V Nondestructive Examination
ASME BPVC Section IX Welding and Brazing Qualifications
ASME B16.25 Buttwelding ends

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Come check out the 2015 ASME BPVC at Brown Technical